Operational research projects
Operational research and mapping are required to improve the efficiency, effectiveness, or reach of available tools, in order to improve health programs and health outcomes. Research in this area can take many forms, including the use of spatial tools for efficient leprosy 'hot spot' detection. Other high priorities for the LRI are identifying the best case-finding methods in various settings, improving electronic data collection and surveillance, and improving detection and monitoring of drug resistance.
Involving traditional healers to reduce the delay of leprosy diagnosis in Sierra Leone
National Leprosy and TB control programme (Sierra Leone)
Collaboration with traditional healers may facilitate detecting leprosy cases earlier than at present, thereby reducing the suspected delay in diagnosis, and detecting so far hidden leprosy cases in Sierra Leone.
Improving routine leprosy case detection
Damien Foundation Bangladesh
Early case detection is crucial to avoid additional burden of disability in new leprosy cases. This study investigates the effectiveness of an active case finding strategy as opposed to routine leprosy case detection.
Integrated strategy for early detection of leprosy and other skin NTDs in Cameroon
FAIRMED Foundation (Cameroon)
Though leprosy had been declared eradicated, there is evidence in Cameroon that the number of new cases is increasing. Mhealth technology may be an efficient and inexpensive way to improve case detection.
Community-based health education
The Leprosy Mission Trust (India)
In some districts in India (including districts in the states of West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh and Chattisgarh) there are still large numbers of new leprosy cases being reported. The population in these areas is mostly rural and the socio-economic level is low. Their first health care provider is the local practitioner (non-allopathic) healer, who is usually not able to diagnose leprosy and does not prescribe Multi Drug Therapy.
Factors affecting migration, self-reporting and registration as leprosy cases in Bangladesh
The Leprosy Mission International (Bangladesh)
Leprosy affected persons may move to places depending on availability of health services, job facilities, or the hope of escaping for social stigmatization and other reasons. Such migration of leprosy affected persons may have an impact on disease transmssion.